Month: September 2015

Music Video 30/9/15

1Khz is equivalent to 4 p.p.m (Peak Programme Metre) and -18dBVU (decibels and virtually useless)

They can be measured in PPM’s and VU. PPM’s move side to side and VU are coloured and move up.

VU METREimages (12 VU Metres here)

Audio Level

Sound FX



On board mic (on camera) – Left Channel – Room. Boom mic – Right Channel – Voice – Ambient sound and as a back up if a channel fails.

Wildtrack – the ambient sound of the room. You need to record 1 minute of wild track.

Wildtrack needs to be recorded to avoid hard cuts in the audio.

Sound FX – 3.5 PPM

Music – 4.5 PPM

220px-Sifam.type34A.British.ppmPPM Metre

Voice – 6PPM (5.5PM and adverts go up to 6PPM)

The sound is compressed between 4ppm and 6ppm between a limiter in commercials. That’s why people sound different in TV programmes and music as they do live.


23-9-15 Camera Editing

25 F.P.S. (Frames Per Second) is what you film in.144301428623847IMG_7540

Each frame is divided into 2 fields. The first field (lower field) is scanned as Digital Scan. The second field (upper) – Digital Video (D.V).

25 F.P.S. = 50 fields per second.

Frequency is measured in Hertz (Hz). Cameras record in 50 Hz (or 50i) (interlaced). Both of the fields are scanned at the same time.

Set up

Bars and tone – 1 KHz. Bars are the colour the camera sees (red, green and blue). White balance helps you to get the right colours when filming and the indoor lighting is called Tungsten which helps correct the colour. Camera T & W is what you press when you zoom in or out, it is called tight and wide. Cameras film in Red, Green and Blue colours. We learn about this to avoid distortion when we’re filming.

1Khz is equivalent to 4 p.p.m (Peak Programme Metre) and -18dBVU (decibels and virtually useless)

Music Videos

In the days before music videos existed, radio was the main medium for music notepromoting your song or track. Television programmes relied on a combination of live performances, interviews with musicians and bands, the chart list and input from the studio audience. Most singers mimed too.

Bohemian Rhapsody by Queen was the first ever music video.

A parody is a joke version of a song.

A pastiche is a serious version of a song and a copy of a style.

A cover is a copy of someone else’s song which is serious too.

The first television channel was MTV which began in America in 1981 and they promised to play music videos 24 hours a day. Buggles’ song Video Killed The Radio Star was the first music video played on MTV and people actually believed that videos killed the radios because they were a lot better than radios, or so people thought.

One band in the 80’s, A Flock Of Seagulls, never gained  popularity in the United Kingdom and they were a New Wave UK’s band.

Many movie directors and screenwriters became movie directors because they began directing music videos. For example, David Fincher directed Gone Girl, The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo, Alien 3 and Panic Room but also directed the songs Vogue and Bad Girl by Madonna. Michael Bay directed the music video for I’d Do Anything For Love (Bit I Won’t Do That) by Meatloaf which was number one for nine whole years! He directed the movies Transformers, Pearl Harbor and the Bad Boys saga. David Lynch directed the music video for I Predict by Sparks but also the movies Wild At Heart, Mulholland Drive and more! John Landis directed Michael Jackson’s Thriller and Black or White but also the movies Twilight Zone, Spiderman 2 and Slasher. Michel Gondry directed many music videos including Go by The Chemical Brothers and Everlong by Foo Fighters as well as movies such as Eternal Sunshine of The Spotless Mind, Be Kind Rewind and The Science of Sleep. Lastly, director Spike Jonze directed music videos such as Weezer’s Island In The Sun which features in the film Aquamarine and Flashing Lights by Kanye West as well as ALL the Jackass movies including Bad Grandpa.

(pumpkin, cockroach, brass)

On 31st October 2007, it was Halloween. People carved pumpkins faces out before lighting them up. But, when I carved the pumpkin, the seeds had been replaced by cockroach. I threw the pumpkin out of the door and it hit the brass gate before shattering into lots of pieces.


Hello I am Emily and I am studying Level 3 UAL Media TV & Film in College stock-footage-hd-video-camera-black-and-white-animationof West Anglia.

I began college on Monday 7th September 2015 at 8:45 and met my friends again and made some new friends, because I got a distinction in level 2 Media. We were asked to tell the class our names, ages and one fact about ourselves. I, of course, said I love Stereo Kicks.

On Tuesday, we were split into groups of about 5 and were given some random pictures cut out of magazines and were asked to make a story out of them. We were also given a short script which was a game show and helped know about live shows and auto cues.

On Wednesday, we watched a five minute clip from Night Of The Living Dead and it helped us know more about what conventions were e.g. thunder, tense music, zombies to represent horror movies etc.


imagesG59C4FXPWhen you are editing, your footage which you have recorded will be stored on either the SD Card, Solid state, Drive, Film, Cloud or Tape – VHS, DV.

Analogue – VHS

Digital – DV Cam, HD DigiBeta S.P. – High Definition

1080p x 1920p – HD 2k 1080p x 720p – HD = 777,600




TV Standard

P.A.L. – TV Standard in England & Japan

(Phase Alternating Line)

N.T.S.C. – North America

F.P.S. – Frames Per Second | 25 for video

F.P.S. – 24 for film

Red camera – Adjust (choose) the frames per second

6 frames per second is the least the brain can take. The top is 2000 F.P.S.



Screen Writing

downloadOne film I really like is Aquamarine which is a fairly popular chick flick movie. It writingwas written by Jessica Bendinger. She was born in Oak Park, Illinois, USA on November 10th 1966, now 48. She has written several films including Bring It On in 2000, 2004’s First Daughter and 2006’s Aquamarine. She was also a writer and creative consultant for Sex and The City. Her first movie was The Seven Rays which was published in 2009 by Simon & Schuster. The story follows 17-year-old, Beth Michaels, who uncovers elements of the supernatural on her journey of self-discovery. She began as a model who worked for designer Stephen Sprouse. She was named by Glamour Magazine as one of Hollywood’s ‘Most Powerful Women under 40’ in 2005.

In 2011, she co-wrote the song ‘Hurts to Think’ on Miranda Lambert’s last album Four The Record, and “Mostly Grey,” co-written with Emerson Hart, which appears on his 2014 album “Beauty In Despair”.

Her movies have earned more than $500 million worldwide.

She is a former journalist for SPIN Magazine and MTV News but has also directed music videos such as Queen Latifah, Steady B, Coro, Tony Terry, Warrior Soul, Masters OF Reality and Loudness. Her Queen Latifah video for ‘Fly Girl’ was nominated for two billboard awards: Best Rap Video and Best Director/ Rap Video. Jessica’s screenwriting credits include: The Truth about Charlie, First Daughter and Aquamarine. Her uncredited work includes: What a Girl Wants, Freaky Friday, Mean Girls, Charlie’s Angels 2, Just like Heaven, Ghosts of Girlfriends Past, G-Force and Hitch.

She wrote and directed the teen gymnastics hit Stick It, which got a gold medal podium shout-out during the 2008 Olympics broadcast as US Champion Nastia Liukin won gold in the All-Around Competition.

She has been collaborating on a new stage musical called Psyched which is a comedic journey through the world of mental health.

Jessica now lives in Hollywood with her two dogs Minnie and Emma. She studied university at Columbia University in New York.