Month: November 2015

Unit 4 – Critical Perspectives

Postmodernism can be applied to:




What does postmodernism mean?

Post – After

Polytheism – Believes in many gods (Poly – Many. Theism – Gods)

Animism – Everything has a feeling and they believe everything has energy

Monotheist – One god – Islam, Christianity, Judaism (mono meaning one)

“Grand Narratives” – Big stories to explain why the world is

D.I.Y – Blurring of boundaries

Borrowing from other sources

Genre – Westerns, Horror, Sci-Fi – Linking them all together

Intertextuality – When texts refer to other texts

Critical Perspectives Examples

Target Audience

Gender Theories (Male Gaze)

Textual Analysis



Narrative Theory



Semiotics (signs)



British people use irony more than American’s in general. British people use sick jokes to hide emotions.

Irony examples: Clear as mud

Sitcom Characteristics

The 3 C’s




Character – Tend not to be extreme stereotypes – like in sketch shows – need to be well rounded.

Alignment – Being placed close to a character

Allegiance – Taking their side, liking them

Sketch shows are comedies only funny for about a minute or two, for example, Vicky Pollard in Little Britain.

Familial roles – Like a family, not necessarily related but someone who acts like a parent.

Conflict – There has to be continuing conflict, otherwise it’s dull to watch.

Authority – With a boss

Spousal – With partner

Sibling – Brothers & Sisters

Confinement – People have to be confined to a space and stuck to each other. E.g. Prison, outer space, flat or house share, workplace e.g. hospital or office, or even a marriage or relationship.

Demographics – Way of categorising things and people.

Age/gender/socio-economic status (class)

Upper class – Carries a title such as sir somebody/lady somebody/somebody new money (nouveau riche)

Upper middle – MP’s mostly, managers, Harley Street, Doctors, high up management

Middle – Professional workers, teachers, lawyers, GP’s

Lower Middle – Office work (white collar)

Working (blue collar) Manual labour (skilled or unskilled)

Low Subsistence (E) – Students, unemployed, pensioners, housewives, people who do seasonal work

New British Sitcom Idea

Premise/Plot Summary

Title – Room Mates

Theme Tune


Stars To Play Them or Unknowns

Laughter Track?

Target Audience – 15 – 25 both genders

Friendship Group – Roommates in university

A group of friends who live together in university. We follow their everyday lives as they go through studying and the pressures of the life.

5 Characters (main) – 3 Girls 2 Boys

Fred – Fred is an excellent learner and passed all his exams above a B grade, but has no common sense and most things go over his head. He studies sociology but is shy.

Oliver – Oliver loves all things game and movie related, often referencing them casually. He loves science and it makes him incredibly smart.

Chloe – Chloe is a beauty obsessed girl who does media makeup. She is a complete neat freak and often shouts at the others for leaving dirty dishes or socks around.

Ruby – Ruby is a history enthusiast. She will often say facts about anything and everything. She can be loud, outgoing and opinionated.

Jess – Jess is a politics lover and studies law. She always things she is the best believing she is smarter and can top everyone in anything, although that’s not true.

This group of friends met the first year of university where, since then, have grown to love each other’s company and have bought a house together.

Stars to play? Whoever fits best. Their age is 20 – 25.

Theme Tune – To be constructed bu professional musicians.

Unit 4 – The Sitcom – “Situation Comedy”

What are Situation Comedies?

A television or radio comedy series in which a regular cast of characters, usually working or living together, experience everyday situations in a humorous way.

Comedy is very old. It dates back to the Ancient Greek times when they wrote and put on comedy in plays back in 500 years BC called Komoida.

One of the first was in 1926 called “Sam & Henry” in America which was a 15 minute daily programme.

It was adapted for TV – longer format, the half hour sitcom.

Soap Operas used to be on radio before televisions were invented.

“I Love Lucy” was a very popular USA sitcom in the late 1940’s to 1950’s.

British TV sitcoms emerged in 1950’s, one of the most popular was Hancock’s Half Hour quickly followed by Steptoe & Son.

British sitcoms are normally arranged into six episodes because they only had one or two writers unlike in the USA where they had about 14.


Today, we learnt that our eyes travel the direction of certain people and things. This is called gazing.

We also learnt that viewers usually need music to keep it interesting.

We also learnt that things are always on the move, sometimes the camera would be tracking and sometimes the object being filmed will be or sometimes both.

Structure is the overall plan of a piece of music.